Opening of first U.S. private mental hospital in Philadelphia.
Pope Leo XIII defends workers’ rights and property rights in the encyclical Rerum Novarum, the beginning of modern Catholic social teaching.
Las Vegas, Nevada, is founded when 110 acres (0.45 km2), in what later would become downtown, are auctioned off.
In Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, the United States Supreme Court declares Standard Oil to be an “unreasonable” monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act and orders the company to be broken up.
The Winnipeg General Strike begins. By 11:00 am, almost the whole working population of Winnipeg, Manitoba had walked off the job. It culminates 37 days later on Bloody Saturday.
Mickey Mouse premieres in his first cartoon, Plane Crazy
First McDonald’s opens in San Bernadino, California.
Today there are more than 34,000 stores worldwide.
Hours after declaring its independence, the new state of Israel was attacked by Transjordan, Egypt, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon.
Rocky Marciano knocks out Jersey Joe Walcot in first round to win heavyweight title.
At Malden Island in the Pacific, Britain tests its first atomic bomb in Operation Grapple.
Project Mercury: The launch of the final Mercury mission, Mercury-Atlas 9 with astronaut L. Gordon Cooper on board. He becomes the first American to spend more than a day in space.
Supreme Court Justice Abe Fortas resigned amid a controversy over his past legal fees.
Eleven days after Kent State, police open fire during student protests at Jackson State killing two students.
Alabama Gov. George Wallace was shot while campaigning for the Democratic presidential nomination in Laurel, Md., and left permanently paralyzed below the waist. At the time of his shooting Wallace had the most popular votes of any of the Democrats.
Nolan Ryan throws first of his seven no-hitters.
Soviet Union begins withdrawal from Afghanistan after invading in 1979.
A runaway freight train rolled about 70 miles through Ohio with no one aboard before a railroad employee jumped onto the locomotive and brought it to a stop. Denzel Washington starred in the movie based on the event.
California Supreme Court declared gay couples in the state could marry – a victory for the gay rights movement that was overturned by the passage of Proposition 8 the following November