A noteworthy day that includes Washington crossing the Delaware, one of the worst fires in American history and birthdays for American icons Berry Gordy, Gary Hart and Jon Stewart.
Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reached the Pacific Ocean after passing through the South American strait that now bears his name.
George Washington crosses the Delaware River and launched his surprise attack on Trenton with a risky mid-winter crossing and nine-mile march to Trenton. The victory, followed by two more within 10 days, would prove pivotal in cementing Washington as a respected leader and ultimately helped turn the tides of the Revolutionary War.
Women vote in a national election for the first time: the New Zealand general election
America’s 1st auto race starts; 6 cars, 55 miles, winner avg 7 MPH
US-born Lady Astor elected 1st female member of British Parliament.
Grand Ole Opry premieres as WSM Barn Dance on WSM radio Nashville
Cocoanut Grove fire in Boston kills 492.
The Cocoanut Grove was Boston’s premier nightclub during the post-Prohibition 1930s and 1940s. On November 28, 1942, this club was the scene of the deadliest nightclub fire in US history, killing 492 people (which was 32 more than the building’s authorized capacity) and injuring hundreds more. It was also the second-worst single-building fire in American history; only the 1903 Iroquois Theatre fire in Chicago had a higher death toll, of 602.
The enormity of the tragedy shocked the nation and briefly replaced the events of World War IIin newspaper headlines. In both fires, most of those who lost their lives would have survived had the existing safety codes been fully enforced. The tragedy led to a reform of safety standards and codes across the country, and major changes in the treatment and rehabilitation of burn victims.
Ernie Davis becomes first black Heisman Trophy winner.
Ahmad Rashād on-air proposal to Phylicia Ayers-Allen.
Margaret Thatcher resigns amid pressure as John Major takes over the Conservative Party and becomes Prime Minister.
Former Yippie leader killed doing something really radical – jaywalking on Wilshire Blvd in Los Angeles.
Enron Corp., once the world’s largest energy trader, collapsed after would-be rescuer Dynegy Inc. backed out of an $8.4 billion deal to take it over.
Wikileaks releases 250,000 classified documents and sensitive national security information sent by U.S. embassies; the U.S. condemns the unauthorized disclosure.
Protesters storm the national Parliament in Kuwait; Prime Minister Sheikh Nasser Mohammed Al-Ahmed Al-Sabah and his cabinet, resign